Benedictine writers often appealed to methods of prayer and asceticism that were foreign to the monastic tradition. Compared to other precepts, the Rule provides a moderate path between individual zeal and formulaic institutionalism; because of this middle ground it has been widely popular. He does not harbor illusions of grandeur but senses that all of his life is simply gift. Little by little, however, the Rule of Benedict became the principal rule, particularly in the Anglo-Saxon countries and in Italy. And the monks are brothers. a. de vogÜÉ, The Rule of Saint Benedict: A Doctrinal and Spiritual Commentary (Kalamazoo 1983). The monks also set part of the day aside for private prayer and for reading the Word of God or other spiritual works. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/benedictine-spirituality, "Benedictine Spirituality The first and fundamental manifestation of such a vocation is a real separation from many aspects of the secular world. c. smith, The Path of Life (Ampleforth, England 1995). . If a monk's life is not grounded in God, he is tempted to put himself in the place of God. Benedictine Spirituality St. Scholastica’s College – Westgrove is a school for the Lord’s service. The Rule of St Benedict is a guide to direct our pathway to God. Historical Perspective. Benedictine Oblates - History of Oblates - The Original Oblates. The Anglican monk and spiritual theologian, Bede Thomas Mudge, notes that not only Protestantism deviated from this Benedictine-Anglican model, but also much of Roman Catholic spirituality in its later development, characterized by 'extra-liturgical devotions such as the Rosary and Benediction filling the needs of most lay-people.' This pattern of sharing is a basic characteristic of a cenobitic community. People who desire to pray with the church can do so in a simple manner by following this Benedictine daily prayer model. 4.6 out of 5 stars 110. BENEDICTINE SPIRITUALITY The word "Benedictine" is relatively modern; it scarcely existed before the 17th century. These spiritualities have their origin in great spiritual leaders after whom they are generally named; for example, Benedictine spirituality is from St. Benedict and so on. Hence he is able to receive others in the community, including guests, with kind consideration. ‘Both these books present the spirituality of the Benedictine monastic tradition, for both Benedictines and Cistercians live according to that same Rule.’ ‘Next came the Benedictines, or black monks, with some 130 houses and over 60 nunneries.’ Humility enables the monk to stand in awe before the world and to receive the gifts of God and others. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. It is humility that takes the monk beyond the myth of his own grandeur to the grandeur of God. Benedictine Spirituality. A particular spirituality is a specific system, or schema of beliefs, virtues, ideals and principles which form a particular way to approach God and therefore all life in general. Their wisdom has endured the test of time with its evolving cultural norms, politics, theology, technology, and medicine precisely because these traditions bring a … “Day by day remind yourself you are going to die. Of all creatures, the human person is in fact the neediest. He neither innovated nor broke with tradition. A Scholastican appreciates the Gospel Values that St. Benedict (St. Scholastica’s Twin Brother) lived. The rule, which spread slowly in Italy and Gaul, provided a complete directory for both the government and the spiritual and material well-being of a monastery by carefully integrating prayer, manual labour, and study into a well-rounded daily routine. History of the Benedictine monasteries Worth Abbey is one of the thirteen monasteries of the English Benedictine Congregation, which is the oldest of the Benedictine congregations. He died and was buried there around 547. . It encourages a life balance between corporate worship, spiritual reading and work in the context of community. Benedictine Abbeys and Priories in the U.S. Benedictine University: Narrative Description, https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/benedictine-spirituality. Simplicity of life and a sense of stewardship are also characteristics of Benedictine spirituality. ‘In a time of deep shadows, the Benedictine movement sparked the spiritual, cultural, and moral rejuvenation of Europe.’ ‘The role of the prioress in a Benedictine community is to be a guide in the seeking of God.’ ‘Viator was a canon of the Benedictine abbey church at Toul and secretary to Louis XI.’ A Brief History of the Benedictine Order Traditionally, AD 529 is considered to be the year in which St Benedict founded the monastery at Montecassino. Origins. Hardcover $14.95 $ 14. Meaning, and Community. The rule invites the monk to recognize the presence of God in his life, a presence which is neither gained or won or achieved but simply given. As for details, Benedict left much to the discernment and initiative of the superior. Benedictine Spirituality – Enrich your spiritual life with one of these titles from Paraclete Press, based on the time-tested wisdom of the Rule of Saint Benedict. BARTH, KARL (1886–1968), Swiss Reformed theologian, described by Pope Pius XII as the greatest theologian since Thomas Aquina…, A term used to cover a literally bewildering variety of states of mind. It is rooted in faith, and like Christ's own simplicity of life must be an outward expression of trustful dependence on God. They were founded by Saint Benedict of Nursia, a 6th-century monk who laid the foundations of Benedictine monasticism through the formulation of his Rule of Saint Benedict. The Benedictines, officially the Order of Saint Benedict (Latin: Ordo Sancti Benedicti, abbreviated as OSB), are a monastic religious order of the Catholic Church following the Rule of Saint Benedict. The monk is called to discern how the Benedictine tradition speaks to the basic human condition, often characterized by blindness and greed. When a monk is aware of his own littleness, he is not driven to satisfy his own ego more than his true needs. The entire document is less than a hundred pages. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Saint Benedict of Nursia, stone carving at the abbey in Münsterschwarzach, Ger. It is likewise through that response that one becomes free to be and develop as the person one is called to be. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Benedict of Nursia lived from ca. We will meet online weekly for one month, take a two-week break for reflection and integration, then pick up again for four more weeks. In 1893 he created the office of abbot primate as head of the federation of autonomous congregations. Hence the monk must be poor psychologically because he realizes his dependence on others. The Rule of Benedict opens with the word "listen" (ausculta ). In 1424 the congregation of Santa Giustina of Padua instituted reforms that breathed new life into Benedictine monasticism. Do you have a general sense of what Benedictine spirituality is and where it comes from but are curious to know more? These books will assist you in incorporating the spiritual wisdom of the monastic tradition into your life. Foundations, including Solesmes, with its emphasis on the celebration of the liturgy, arose throughout Europe; monks and nuns returned to England; congregations were established in North and South America; and monasteries scattered all over the world. Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps. It acted and penetrated not as a legislative text imposed from without by authority but rather as a leaven by virtue of its intrinsic power. Its principal source is the Word of God and its model is Christ. Monks are to listen "to the precepts of the master" but their primary and ultimate master is God. Encyclopedia.com. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Personal or private prayer is traditionally exercised under the form of meditative reading of Holy Scripture and of authors who explain and reflect on it, according to the three phases designated by the words "reading" (lectio ), meditation (meditatio ), and "prayer" (oratio or contemplatio ). Life Is a School for Discernment Benedictine spirituality moved from theory to practice again for me this month during the first online School of Discernment. ." Poverty of spirit, simplicity, sharing and giving, self-denial prompted by love, freedom of heart, gratitude, care for persons, and sound judgment with regard to created things should proceed from exposure to God in prayer. This invitation to listen came to Benedict from the heart of the Old and New Testament traditions. It is only in a secondary sense that Benedict himself, speaking through the rule, and the abbot of the community are masters. Since Benedict was a monk, the spirituality which is based on his rule, is fundamentally monastic. Benedictine spirituality is characterized by striving towards Christian perfection in community, liturgical prayer, and separation from worldly concerns. From the middle of the 20th century there appeared in Europe, America, Africa, and elsewhere monastic foundations that, drawing their inspiration from ancient sources, tended to return to forms of monastic life that are simpler and more contemplative. There were also other forms of monastic life, but they were more or less eccentric in comparison with the two main types and sometimes led to abuse. Tradition assigns no other end to monastic life than to "seek God" or "to live for God alone," an ideal that can be achieved only by a life of conversion and prayer. Recently, English Professor Sister Cynthia Binder, OSB of our monastery discussed Saint Gertrude in a homily to our monastery I would like to share with you (with her permission, of course! ." COURSE OVERVIEW This course is for anyone interested in the living tradition of Benedictine wisdom. St. Benedict, in full Saint Benedict of Nursia, Nursia also spelled Norcia, (born c. 480 ce, Nursia [Italy]—died c. 547, Monte Cassino; feast day July 11, formerly March 21), founder of the Benedictine monastery at Monte Cassino and father of Western monasticism; the rule that he established became the norm for monastic living throughout … Benedictine detachment does not imply a disparagement of good things, nor a fear of their power, but rather a just appreciation of all things as gifts of God. From the Life of Saint Benedict as told by St. Gregory the Great, it appears that Oblates were received by St. Benedict already at Subiaco, before he founded his monastery at Monte Cassino. All monks are by definition "solitaries," for this is the original meaning of their name, which comes from the Greek word monachos, derived from monos, to which corresponds the Latin solus (alone). Benedictines, following their founder St. Benedict (d. 547), dedicate their lives to prayer and work and seek economic self-sufficiency, practicing and perfecting the servile arts. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). New Catholic Encyclopedia. BY Carmel Posa SGS. The monastic community and the living tradition (December 21, 2020). The Abbot Primate does not have direct jurisdiction in the monasteries of the order, though he is still charged with a general concern for the well-being of Benedictines around the world. Overview of Benedictine Spirituality Catholics, Protestants, Buddhists, and all people are welcomed as Christ according to Benedictine hospitality under the Rule of St. Benedict. Bibliography: Marked for Life: Prayer in the Easter Christ (London 1979). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Benedictines, Catholic Encyclopedia - Benedictine Order. The spirit of Saint Benedict's Rule is summed up in the motto of the Benedictine Confederation: pax ("peace") and the traditional ora et labora ("pray and work"). 2 Benedictine Spirituality • A little bit of history • Some peculiar examples • Why do this? He is called to live in the rhythm of alternating between receiving and giving, accepting the gifts of God and others, while sharing generously jut as others share generously with him. He did not intend to impose uniformity; he foresaw and intended diversity and reserved to each monastery the possibility of adapting the rule's prescriptions to various circumstances, provided the essential values of monasticism were safeguarded. The Benedictine spiritual disciplines include common prayer, serving God though hospitality and mutual service, conversion of life, relationships and solitude. A monk spends his whole life becoming humble. Dominican preacher and mystic; b. Strasbourg, c. 1300; d. there, June 16, 1361. The spirituality taught by St. dominic combines elements common to that of all Christians, of the clergy, of other orders, and of the medieval evangelical movements; but St. Dominic united and oriented these elements in an original, balanced, and unique way. In 1893 the same pope provided the "order" with an Abbot Primate to oversee the college and to provide spiritual leadership for the Confederation of Benedictine monasteries. A monk should be above all a good listener. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. It is important to emphasize that our primary goal is to live mindfully and well. Three basics • Prayer • Work • Common good Three practices • Lectio Divina • Silence • Obedience Benedictine spirituality is a spirituality that fills time with an awareness of the presence of God. The Abbot is the father. One of the primary functions of the various monastic structures is to provide conditions in which the monks can concentrate on learning the art of listening. Buy The Benedictine Tradition (Spirituality In History) by Swan, Laura, Zagano, Phyllis (ISBN: 9780814619148) from Amazon's Book Store. Les Lignées des roys de France (“The Lines of French Kings”). As Missionary Benedictine Sisters with our particular charism of prayer, community cultural, and ethnic diversity, and our commitment to respect persons and creation, we believe our call at this time is to: ~Deepen and share our Benedictine spirituality Where it was adopted, it was looked upon as a venerable text but not necessarily requiring observance in all its prescriptions. It is rather the fact that monastic existence is a form of religious life having not secondary or ministerial purpose. Benedictine monks have often received freely from their families and educators, from the rich Benedictine tradition, from the abundant life of their own communities, and from the many mercies of God. Prosperity and ties with temporal society often led monasteries, especially the larger ones, to depart more or less from certain fundamental observances required by the rule, notably separation from secular society, real simplicity of life, and manual labor. This is the key to Benedict's whole spiritual teaching. Eight Sisters from each of these two communities came together in 1902 to form the Benedictine Sisters of Cullman, Alabama. Even woman can follow this model, but only if they have an Abbess. Humility demands that the monk take God seriously, that he take others seriously, but that he never take himself too seriously. Saint Benedict of Nursia by Hans Memling 1487: The Benedictine Tradition. Saint Benedict, the founder of Western monasticism, writes in his Rule for monks over 1,500 years ago: “The road that leads to salvation is bound to be narrow at the outset” (Prologue, Rule of Benedict).This wisdom is evident in the history of Holy Wisdom Monastery. He simply organized a form of cenobitic life in complete conformity with the demands of the monastic vocation, which is but integral Christian life. Some decades later, the monastery was destroyed and not rebuilt for a long time. It appeared little by little wherever the Church took root, a spontaneous manifestation of the Holy Spirit urging Christians to become monks in response to the counsel given by Jesus in the Gospel: "If you wish to be perfect, go, sell your possessions …, follow me …" (Mt 19.21). That groundwork allows English Benedictine Nuns in Exile to be built around a few tensions, most notably between Benedictine life as prescribed and life in the Benedictine convent ‘as lived’. So many passages in The Rule of St Benedict seem to carry fresh meaning. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/benedictine-spirituality. Learn more about Saint Benedict … Divine omnipotence is a divine operative attribute, an…, TAULER, JOHANNES In the 7th and 8th centuries it was often combined with other rules, especially that of St. Columban (d. 615). He realizes that attachment to oneself and one's talents or goods brings anxiety, a bondage that ties the human spirit down to the earth and allows no enlargement of either one's horizons or one's heart. The Anglican monk and spiritual theologian, Bede Thomas Mudge, notes that not only Protestantism deviated from this Benedictine-Anglican model, but also much of Roman Catholic spirituality in its later development, characterized by 'extra-liturgical devotions such as the Rosary and Benediction filling the needs of most lay-people.' ): Monks no longer took vows to a particular house but to the congregation. Instead, we invite you to our new, interactive, monthly Zoom gatherings entitled Benedictine … It is the balanced spirituality that one finds in the Rule of Benedict that has made it attractive to many men and women throughout the ages. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. History of the Benedictine monasteries Worth Abbey is one of the thirteen monasteries of the English Benedictine Congregation, which is the oldest of the Benedictine congregations. Within the Catholic Church there is a rich variety of spiritualities. Study and application of the balancing way of Benedictine spirituality and yoga are useful markers on the path. The Benedictine’s routines are simple. For Community of Hope International, the Rule is simply an aid to help us live lives rooted in the Gospel and grounded in the core values of Benedictine spirituality. By the time of Charlemagne at the beginning of the 9th century, the Benedictine Rule had supplanted most other observances in northern and western Europe. As well as appealing to those who have some knowledge of the Rule of St Benedict and its central place in the development of Western spirituality and culture, it will also serve as an excellent introduction for anyone new to the Benedictine way. 99 $16.95 $16.95. It was, above all, a spirituality firmly rooted in biblical sources and nourished by lectio divina and liturgical prayer. Benedictinism revived in France and Germany during the 17th century, however, and several congregations were founded, notably that of the male Maurists in France and the female Perpetual Adoration in Paris (1653) and Our Lady of Calvary (1617). Saint Benedict, founder of the Benedictine monastery at Monte Cassino and father of Western monasticism; the rule that he established became the norm for monastic living throughout Europe. It is that same balance that has made it attractive today to those countless lay men and women who are not living vowed lives in a monastery but who are associated with Benedictine monasteries as oblates attempting to live their lives in the secular world according to the spiritual values set out in the rule. The author, with characteristic […] Closely related to both listening and humility is the virtue of obedience. To summarize: Benedictine spirituality in the twelfth century still preserved the essential notes that were common to all monastic spirituality, with certain differences in regard to observances. Benedictine Spirituality in Everyday Life Sister Edith Bogue Benedictine Center for Spirituality St. Scholastica Monastery Duluth, Minnesota 7 November 2015 2. Consequently he accepts the services and ideas of others, the gifts of life, and community. The Benedictine Tradition: Spirituality in History compiles writings of notable Benedictines throughout history; the essays reflect the power of faith and individual dedication to service, profound aspects that speak to the reader as strongly today as they did when first written. During the five centuries following the death of Benedict, the monasteries multiplied both in size and in wealth. What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article that St. wrote... 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